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Catalogue of West Serbia Region.pdf
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The mystique and powerful name for the beautiful mountain Tara [Serbian: Planina Tara] (from 1000 to 1,500 meters a.s.l.) one of the most beautiful mountains in Serbia, clad in dense forests with numerous clearings and meadows, cliffs, ravines and caves... Tara was declared a National Park in 1981. It is in the mountainous region of Western Serbia and it spreads on the Tara and Zvezda mountains, in a large bend of Drina River. The area of this national park is about 22,000 hectares and consists of a group of mountain peaks and areas with deep gorges, the most striking of which is the Drina Gorge. The Drina Gorge, which is an integral part of park, can be toured by boat. This is a special attraction and memorable experience. Forests account for three quarters of this national park's area and some of them are best preserved and of highest quality in Europe. Tara also boasts a rare endemic Tertiary species, the Pancic spruce. The park management office is in Bajina Basta. The Tara National Park can be reached from Bajina Basta directly (by the Bajina Basta - Kaludjerske Bare road), from Bajina Basta via Perucac (by the Perucac - Mitrovac road) and from Kremna (the Kremna - Kaludjerske Bare road). Tara offers excellent conditions for relaxation and recreation throughout the year.
The massif of the mountain of Tara is situated in the west part of the Serbia, bordered on river and canyon of Drina on northwest side and by its southeast side, its branches are coming down towards the mountain of Zlatibor. The mountain of Tara consists on the whole of 3 regions such as: Tara in the narrower sense - Kaludjerske Bare ( the plateau rich in limestone: the rivers of Drina, Raca, Beli Rzav and Derventa, and the highest peak is Zboriste - 1.544m. Crni Vrh between the village of Zaovine (upon which is a big reversible lake very rich with the Californian trout) and Rastiste and the highest peak is Kozji Vrh of 1.591 m. Zvezda is situated in the triangle of the villages Rastiste and Jagostice, canyon of the river of Drina, with the highest peak Veliki Kraj of 1.444 m. The mountaineers terrains are wavy (Kaludjerske Bare and SIjivovica) steep and rugged (the Canyon of Raca, Zvezdia, Cmi Vrh) with the most wonderful valleys of the rivers of Drina, Raca, Derventa, Beli Rzav, that makes in their courses nice canyons, caves and hallows, ideal regions for the life of big wild animals, especially bears.
According to the favorable climate conditions, Tara is during the year, in summer and in winter months, very suitable for developing of tourism on various levels. In the summer period of the year there is a lot of sunny days, and in the winter period of the year there is a lot of snowy days, so, according to the constructed hotels (capacity of for about 2.500 beds) there is a possibility, with good humored population for the very pleasant sojourn. Talking about the climate conditions it should be mentioned that here is present moderate continental climate with moderate worm summers and winters, and the transitional periods of the year meek and gradual, and the autumn is warmer than the spring. Up to the mountain of Tara is the border between warm airily circulation from the south and cold from the north, that influents the continental climate. Measurements that are taken during the year from the meteorological station on Mitrovac (1082 m height above the sea level) are the average temperature during the years is 5 degree C and average rainfull 977,3 mm.
During many years the special attention was turned to the protection, nursing and developing of the fauna by the lumber camp. That way of working is consisted of making of the oasis for food, control points for hunters, prohibition of hunting in some months and hunting exclusively with the hunting guides. Mountain of Tara is very rich with animals. There are 53 sorts of mammals and 153 sorts of birds. Tara could praises, which is a rare example that in her hunting grounds there is a lot of bears, chamois and other sorts. According to so expert and rich care, the bears and chamois are growing up in their reservations (canyons, caves and hollows), human care which they have enables them to surpass all the results in the Europe and in the world. The bear, who is the same time, the trademark of the mountain of Tara, could reach 2,40 in and 1,30 in of height and 250-300 kg of weight. The chamois is often living on sides of tile canyons of Drina, where he could find a lot of food and unreachable roads for any pedestrian, with lot of drinking and clean water, according to the fact the chamois is a fearful animal. This sort of chamois from Tara is different from the chamois from Alps according to the shape of the skull, and the male goat horns are very valuable.
Considering the flora, the mountain of Tara has a very important advantage because of the reservations in its region. Protected by the present law, Pancic's spruces are the representatives of the endemic relicts which have existed since tercier to nowadays and still are in their full development. The spruces had been discovered by the naturalist of the world's fame, dr Josif Pancic, by whose name they have been called. The Pancic's Spruce became the center of the world's attention and Serbian pride and pride of the mountain of Tara and by that fact the world's attention is directed to this part of the country. Every existing reservation of the Pancic's Spruce is marked on the mountaineer's tourist folder enclosed, such as: Zvezda, Brusnica, Karaula, Ljuti Breg, Bilo, Crvene Stene, Racanska SIjivovica and the others. Considering the rest parts of the forest and their sorts, there are firs, juniper bush and beech with some particular sorts of conifers such as pine tree and also of the evergreen such as: maple, aspen and birch. In these forests under the regular distribution and protection of expert supervision of high quality the industry of refining the lumber in sawmills is supplied by the lumber of high quality. The space that doesn't belong to the forest are numerous meadows, floral and aromatic, decorated by natural meadows flowers, suitable for raising of bees (the high quality production of honey - forester black and meadows) that is in the aim of guarding the health. These meadows replace the forests in which the conifers are of 25-30 m of height. These regions so as the mountain of Tara, are very rarely populated, except of the part called Kaludjerske Bare, the center of it, where the block of hotels on Tara is situated.
On the mountain of Tara are constructed many roads, asphalt roads and the others with Unfinished macadam road, as can be seen on Tourist Map. This road network besides the take of Perucac, than from the Mitrovac to the Kadinjaca and Kremna, enables a pleasant sojourn, visiting all the beauties, as well as practicing hunting and fishing. We have to mention here the takes and the dams: the dam Kruscica on the river Beli Rzav, where is built a modern water supply that waters the whole mountain of Tara. Going on by the left side of the river we are arriving to the Zaovine, in the closeness to tile take. Enclosed the folder the hotels are described clearly, for the summer using, and in the winter also, with the ski lift, near the Beli Bor. Ideal condition in the winter is running-on skis, a long promenades, with pleasant picnics with trumpet music, with local cooked brandy, local cheese and diary cream, corn bread, baked lamb roast and young goat roast, local roast - tenderloin and loin of pork. Besides the hotel accommodation, there is also the possibility for accommodation in the houses of the domestic population, of course of the high quality. Although the man has been present on the mountain of Tara for centuries, the nature is conserved here on the whole. Tara offers great deal for Realestate. However, one couldn't only build here, but has to leave to the nature that what belong to her. Forest is restored, their qualities are conserved and in nowadays are giving us after all good condition for healthy life, healthy water, and the air that is clear.